taking pictures

The modern way of creating images with the help of the digital camera is so simple and available that the number of amateur photographers has equaled with the number of people in the world. But despite seeming simplicity, there are quite a few pitfalls which stultify all our attempts to get interesting high-quality photographs.

I hope this section of the site will be very helpful to you; it will prevent you from various faults during the photography and will assist you in creating brighter and more interesting subject images.

vintage photo gallery

Note that you shouldn't forget about some situations when automatic shooting will inevitably produce an unsatisfactory result:

  • Dark or light clothes if they occupy a half or even more of the frame;
  • Dark or bright background;
  • Back lighting.

Very often there is so little lighting that the only solution to this problem is the flash. But I'd regard this device as a very dangerous weapon, especially in the hands of an inexperienced person. I advise you, if possible, to avoid using it in portrait shooting as a main source of lighting. The thing is that the flash creates rough, "ruthless" lighting - harsh shadows, awful 'red eyes' and excessive shine of the skin - all these are what the use of the flash results in. The use of the external flash will provide a lot greater control over the lighting. But if you do have to use a built-in flash, you should wrap it into semi-transparent or dull paper or lamina. This will soften the light and spread it more evenly.

There are several ways to avoid the 'red eye' effect:
  • ask your human subject to look at the bright light so as the pupils of the eyes contract;
  • change the human subject's glance, take it to the left (or to the right) of the objective lens;
  • use the camera's red-eye reduction feature.

The camera's red-eye reduction feature turns on the red-eye reduction lamp to shine a gentle light into the subject's eyes to narrow the pupil diameter or iris. A smaller pupil reduces the chances of red eye from occurring.

When using an external flash, direct it away from the subject - to the wall or to the ceiling. The walls and the ceiling in this case should be white or neutral-grey. The soft reflected lighting is a lot better than the direct rough light of the flash which, in addition, casts deep shadows on the background. But you'd better bear it in mind that the intensity of the reflected light could be insufficient if the ceiling is not high. The brightly colored wall could produce an unpleasant shade which might spoil the image.

In photography as well as in other fine arts there are certain rules how to arrange the composition properly. The basic principle here is simplicity. In a photograph there should only be one visual center - an anecdotally significant object. All the other elements of the image play a secondary part focusing the viewer's attention on the anecdotal center and amplifying it.

The most common mistake is to position the main object of the shooting in the center of the picture area. Such a composition is rather static and inexpressive.

As early as in the Renaissance period painters found out that any

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Shutter speed
The shutter speed is the length of time the camera's shutter opens to expose the CMOS sensor to the light coming through the lens. The shutter speed of a camera depends on two variables: the size of the lens and the actual timing of the shutter, opening and closing. These two factors work as a team to control the amount of light that enters the camera. This is measured in fractions on a shutter speed dial which illustrate how long the shutter opens and closes in a set period of time.

The term speed refers to how long the lens remains open. For example, a setting of 1/60 on a shutter speed dial means that the shutter opens and closes within one sixtieth of a second. Various shutter speeds can be used to manipulate the final result of the picture. Usually, a faster shutter speed is used to freeze the scene, for motion shots, while a slower speed is used to create more of an unfocused, abstract result.

Preserve your family photos forever


What a reverential feeling is to look at our old family photos! Our old tattered photo albums keep the dearest photos of our closest and most beloved people. These pages of family history contained in a photo album represent a visual genealogical tale of generations + [more tips]